Medico-legal guidance for solicitors
A brain injury can be classed in several ways, ranging from mild and temporary to catastrophic and permanent. However, no matter how a brain injury is categorised, it is always likely to cause some level of impairment to an individual.
A brain injury can be expected to adversely affect the quality of a person’s life, and rapid access to a period of high-quality neurological rehabilitation is the best way to mitigate the impact.
The causes of traumatic and acquired brain injury are vast and can include:
- Trauma: from accidents, contact sports or violence
- Following a traumatic birth, which can lead to cerebral palsy
- Infections: such as meningitis and encephalitis, which reduce blood flow to the brain leading to hypoxia and anoxia.
- Cardiac arrest, which can similarly contribute to a significant brain injury by decreasing blood supply to the brain.
- Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhages and stroke are also all capable of damaging the brain to an extent of causing permanent disability and limitations.
- Poisons or toxins
A brain injury can affect nearly every aspect of a person’s cognitive, perceptual, emotional, behavioural and physical function. It can alter the ability of the person to see, speak, taste, swallow, smell, move, touch, express ideas, plan and execute tasks.
Damage to specific parts of the brain can also lead to socially inappropriate behaviours and moods such as aggression, psychosis, impatience, irritability and anxiety.
Brain damage can also cause difficulty in making decisions, understanding others and processing information. Physical symptoms include headache, seizures, paralysis, disturbance in sleep patterns and loss of consciousness. Even people who have no physical impairment may be profoundly affected cognitively such as unable to live an independent life or maintain personal relationships.
Every brain injury is unique in the way it affects and presents in a person, so neurorehabilitation must be tailored to the individual in a way that their needs are fully met and is personal to their lifestyle and goals.
Neurological rehabilitation is often a complex process which is aimed at relearning processes for efficient recovery and learning new ways of compensating for abilities that have changed permanently because of injury.
Neurorehabilitation may require the input of speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, psychology, neuropsychology and nursing depending upon the symptoms that the patient presents with and the part of the brain that has been affected.
It will almost always require the input of specialist brain injury case manager to coordinate this complicated and intricate rehabilitation process. In many cases where there is a potential for a return to work, input from a vocational specialist will be required. All of these efforts collectively play vital roles in minimising the long-term impact of brain injury and increasing the quality and independence of a person’s life.
At NRC Medical Experts our neuro-rehabilitation experts assess, evaluate and report on rehabilitation required after brain injury. We advocate for the importance of neurorehabilitation for every individual suffering from a brain injury that is adversely affecting their quality of life.
Neurorehabilitation is essential to accelerate the healing process and regain and relearn the near-normal functional potential of a person.
Our expert witnesses accurately assess, evaluate and produce trusted court reports and expert testimonies. These are crucial elements of building a full and accurate case for a solicitor working with a client with a brain injury.
Meet our experts specialising in brain injury and contact us to arrange a complimentary pre-instruction conversation today.