Neuropsychiatry is the branch of psychiatry that concerning changes to cognition, intellect and emotions. It is a common ground where the practices of neurology and psychiatry come together within psychiatric symptoms which may stem from an underlying neurological cause.

Neuropsychiatrists work to explain psychiatric symptoms experienced by patients, which range from depression, mania, hallucination and psychosis, by tying these in with the dysfunction and dysregulation of the nervous system.

Neuropsychiatrists work to understand the links between disruption in the nervous and impairment of behaviour, integrating psychiatric disorders with neurology to better understand the neurological basis of psychiatric and neurologic impairments.

The aim of neuropsychiatric rehabilitation is to manage these symptoms and develop coping strategies so patients can live a better quality of life, emotionally and socially. As part of the neurorehabilitation process, neuropsychiatrists play a significant role by working as part of the interdisciplinary team that manages complex behavioural problems.

Conditions that might result in individuals presenting with altered behaviour patterns include:

Neuropsychiatric rehabilitation encompasses symptoms including:

  • Delusions and personality changes
  • Delirium, Apathy, Euphoria, Agitation
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Troubles with memory
  • Speech impairment

Neuropsychiatrists, working closely with the interdisciplinary team and individuals, develop a neurorehabilitation program to address the complex challenges of behaviour and cognition faced by the patient.

From a medico-legal perspective, mental capacity refers to a person’s ability to make informed decisions regarding their life, health and affairs. The assessment of cognitive function is among the most important diagnostic evaluations in medico-legal cases.

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